Relations between national and provincial governments in Canada are roughly similar to relations between U.S. states and do not appear to be an obstacle to the creation of mutual aid agreements26 While there are certainly areas of legal evidence that there are areas of divergence and the need for discussion and negotiation, national and provincial lawyers in Canada were prepared to engage in dialogue on the issues as soon as they occurred. Mutual assistance agreements (MAA) and other types of assistance agreements before, during and after an emergency meeting facilitate the rapid mobilization of personnel, equipment and stocks. Agreements can be concluded at several levels: between public and local authorities; between a state and localities in the state; between two or more states in a region; between states and tribes; internationally between states and neighbouring jurisdictions in Canada or Mexico. MAAS can also exist among a wide range of types of organizations, including governments, non-profit organizations and private companies. Agreements can range in the form of formal pacts introduced into law by a state legislator, up to informal declarations of intent explaining how public and private resources provide assistance within a given community. Emergency maas generally deal with emergency management, fire, enforcement and medical problems, although they can address other issues (see below). Participation in AMAB is seen as an important part of the Federal Government`s National Disaster Management System (NIMS), which aims to implement a systematic approach to guide governments at all levels, non-governmental organizations and the private sector in collaborative preparedness and response activities1. Lawyers in the ten states of the Mid-America Alliance (MAA) - Colorado, Iowa, Kansas, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, North Dakota, South Dakota, Utah and Wyoming - made a preliminary assessment of the legal authority.