A Deferred Prosecution Agreement (DPA) is typically an agreement between a prosecutor and a company to resolve a case that might otherwise be subject to prosecution. The agreement allows for the suspension of criminal proceedings for a defined period, provided that the organisation fulfils certain conditions. A CCA is established with the authorization or under the authority of a judge. As part of a DPA, the government will charge an accused, but agrees not to move forward in these prosecutions. In return, the defendant undertakes to comply with certain requirements or conditions. If the accused respects the end of the agreement, the government agrees to drop the charges. But if the accused refuses and violates the terms of the DPA, the government can pursue the charge. The terms of a CCA are negotiated between the defendant and the government. For example, the agreement could require the defendant to admit fault, pay reparations, or take certain steps to avoid future misconduct. For example, a DPA could ask a company to fire executives responsible for misconduct, implement a more robust compliance program, submit to an independent monitor to ensure honest behavior, or all of the above – and maybe even more. When negotiations take place, the company agrees to a number of conditions, such as paying a fine, paying compensation, and cooperating with future prosecutions of individuals.
If the company does not comply with the conditions, the lawsuits can resume. The procedures for monitoring compliance with the conditions are defined in the provisions of the DPA. A deferred Prosecution Agreement or "DPA" is a mechanism for settling a proceeding against a company that is essentially an unofficial form of probation. Criminal guidelines, prosecutions deferred in the past are not charged to the criminal history of an accused if there has been no justification for guilt by a court and the accused has pleaded not guilty or pleaded guilty in an open court. This contrasts with a deferred provision, which usually involves such a finding or approval.  Therefore, a CCA allows a company to continue without lengthy criminal investigations and costly prosecutions. Then the procedure is closed at the end of the procedure (see practice note: judgment of a DPA). . . .